Research outputs on certified metals and conflict-free sourcing
- Young SB. (2014). Responsible sourcing of metals: certification approaches for conflict minerals and conflict-free metals. Working paper
- Young, S. B. (2014). Mapping global flows of critical metals: tin, tantalum and tungsten. Presentation at Critical Materials from Producers to End-Users: Challenges and Solutions, Waterloo, Canada
- Young, S. B., Yuan, Z., & Dias, G. (2014). Prospects for sustainability certification of metals. Metallurgical Research & Technology (formerly “Revue de Métallurgie”). March (6 pages), http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/metal/2014008.
- Young SB, Business strategies and practices toward conflict-free metal supply. Presentation at Life Cycle Management (LCM) 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden
- Steven B. Young, Goretty Dias, Yuan Zhe (2013). Challenges in Sustainability Certification of Metals. Proc. International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technologies (ISSST), v1. (6 pages) http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.956306
- Challenges to metal certification involve business and physical barriers
- Physical barriers to tracing metal flows include mixing and transformation of materials that takes place in upstream production
- Chain-of-custody models have not matured for metals programs
- S.B. Young, G. Dias (2012). Conflict-free minerals supply-chain to electronics, in Electronics Goes Green 2012+ (EGG). http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6360416&isnumber=6360408
DisclosureS.B. Young is a member of the Audit Review Committee of the Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) & Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) Conflict Free Smelter Program.