Friday, 16 January 2015

3TG -- tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold -- the "conflict minerals"

Research outputs on certified metals and conflict-free sourcing

  • Young SB. (2014). Responsible sourcing of metals: certification approaches for conflict minerals and conflict-free metals. Working paper

  • Young, S. B. (2014). Mapping global flows of critical metals: tin, tantalum and tungsten. Presentation at Critical Materials from Producers to End-Users: Challenges and Solutions, Waterloo, Canada

  • Young, S. B., Yuan, Z., & Dias, G. (2014). Prospects for sustainability certification of metals. Metallurgical Research & Technology (formerly “Revue de M├ętallurgie”). March (6 pages),

  • Young SB, Business strategies and practices toward conflict-free metal supply. Presentation at Life Cycle Management (LCM) 2013, Gothenburg, Sweden

  • Steven B. Young, Goretty Dias, Yuan Zhe (2013). Challenges in Sustainability Certification of Metals. Proc. International Symposium on Sustainable Systems and Technologies (ISSST), v1. (6 pages) 
      • Challenges to metal certification involve business and physical barriers
      • Physical barriers to tracing metal flows include mixing and transformation of materials that takes place in upstream production
      • Chain-of-custody models have not matured for metals programs 

  • GHGm (2008). Social and Environmental Responsibility in Metals Supply to the Electronic Industry. Guelph, Canada: Produced for the Electronic Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) and Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI). June 20, 2008. 116 pages.
      • Available at EICC.
      • Research report by S.B. Young, G. Dias, A. Fonseca, M.S. O'Keefe


S.B. Young is a member of the Audit Review Committee of the Electronics Industry Citizenship Coalition (EICC) & Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI) Conflict Free Smelter Program.